πšŽπšπš’πšπšŽπš πš‹πš’ πš•πšŽπš‘πš’πš’πš’πš•πšŠπš’πš—πšŽ …

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The sight of kids drawing on the pavement with sidewalk chalk is practically guaranteed to induce an attack of nostalgia. As summertime traditions go, getting down on the floor to let one’s artistic imagination run wild is right up there with running through sprinklers and establishing lemonade stands. But what adults trapped in reveries about the long, lazy days of childhood might not realize is that sidewalk chalk art is just a pastime that connects us not merely to memories of our smaller selves, but to an abundant historical tradition that goes entirely back to 16th-century Italy.

While people have already been using chalk to produce pictures since the age of cavemen, the Italian traveling artists known as madonnari appear to own been among the first practitioners of street art. Robin VanLear, the Cleveland Museum of Art’s director of community arts, explains in an article on the museum’s website

In 16th-century Italy various beggars, primarily amputees, began searching for an advantage over the other beggars who proliferated in the plazas and market areas around cathedrals, especially on feast days. Many of them decided to generate art , and charcoal from braziers became their first drawing implement. They certainly were rewarded due to their efforts with coins thrown down by pilgrims visiting the cathedrals. Ultimately the more artistic beggars began copying portraits of the Madonna, specifically those by the popular early 16th-century liturgical artist Raphael. These were dubbed Madonnari, painters of the Madonna.

While the 2011 book Asphalt Renaissance, published by the road artist Kurt Wenner alongside B. Hansen and M. Hospodar, explains, madonnari realized they could maximize their earnings by working as traveling artists, moving between towns according to religious festival schedules. The Italian tradition continued for centuries, and soon street art began popping up in countries like England and Germany as well.

The English counterparts to madonnari, called β€œscreevers,” emerged in Victorian London and remained a fixture of the town up to World War II. Screevers were less closely connected with religious subject matter, but like the madonnari, they made a living with their ephemeral art.

In George Orwell’s Down and Out in Paris and London, an autobiographical book about poverty published in 1933, the writer describes his encounter with a screever named Bozo. A self-declared β€œserious screever,” Bozo specialized in drawing political cartoons informed by the day’s news. (β€œOnce a child got its head stuck in the railings of Chelsea Bridge,” Bozo said. β€œWell, I learned about it, and my cartoon was on the pavement before they’d got the child’s head from the railings.”) Orwell suggests Bozo had ample competition among London street artists: β€œAt that time there is a screever virtually every twenty-five yards over the Embankment.” But whereas many of Bozo’s peers drew the same every day, Bozo distinguished himself by working on something newβ€”a method he said paid off. β€œThe most effective thing’s to keep changing your picture, because when they help you drawing they’ll stop and watch you,” he explained.

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Screevers were also memorialized in the 1964 Disney film Mary Poppins, occur Edwardian-era England. In the song β€œChim Chim Cheree,” Bert, the twinkly-eyed chimney sweep played by Dick van Dyke, boasts about his side hustle Today I’m a screever, and as you can see

A screever’s an artist of’ighest degree
And it’s all me own work from me own memory

Bert is notably less concerned than Bozo about building a livingβ€”though the same can not be said about his hat. β€œNo remuneration do I ask of you,” he sings, β€œBut me cap could be glad of a copper or two.”

As VanLear explains, many European street artists fought in World Wars I and II, which meant that the practice of professional sidewalk chalk drawing faded for a great part of the 20th century. Then, in 1972, the Italian village of Grazie di Curtatone made a decision to host an international street-painting competition to honor the annals of madonnari. Your competitors, known as Incontro Nazionale dei Madonnari, was a good success, attracting countless European artists and helping revive fascination with sidewalk painting.

Roughly a decade later, its profile got another boost from Wenner, who would become the founder of 3D street artβ€”a technique that uses tricks of perspective to make pavement drawings appear to soar from the sidewalk or sink into it. Wenner was studying classical art in Italy in the 1980s and started drawing on pavement as a way to produce money. He eventually made his solution to Grazie’s festival, where he took first place four years in a row, then brought his enthusiasm for street painting back once again to the US, launching an annual festivalβ€”the initial in the countryβ€”in his hometown of Santa Barbara, California, in 1986.

By the time Asphalt Renaissance was published in 2011, the US was home to between 50 and 100 street-painting festivals each year. Europe in addition has experienced a street-painting festival boom, with events in such varied locales since the Netherlands, Germany, France, England, and Serbia; you can find options in Australia, Canada, and Mexico, too. So in case you encounter some kids smeared with chalk dust come july 1st, tell them to help keep at it. There exists a future in sidewalk chalk yet.

πšŽπšπš’πšπšŽπš πš‹πš’ πš•πšŽπš‘πš’πš’πš’πš•πšŠπš’πš—πšŽ ✰ – EstΓ‘s en el lugar correcto para decor AquΓ­ presentamos decoraciones de jardΓ­n que estΓ‘ buscando – #beachpaint #beautifulpaint #cloudpaint

About Dayana Melton

Dayana Melton
Hello my name is Dayana Melton. I have been working on chalk art for a long time. I will try to explain and show you the experiences I have been working on in chalk art for a long time. If you have any suggestions or questions, you can write to me from the contact section.

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